What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis, typically affecting people over the age of 45, with symptoms progressing as they age.
In joints with osteoarthritis, cartilage that normally forms a firm, smooth cushioning surface on the ends of your bones becomes brittle and breaks down. Sometimes pieces of cartilage break off completely and float around inside the synovial fluid that fills the joint capsule.
Signs and Symptoms
- Feeling of stiffness
- Joint instability
- Reduced range of movement
- Sometimes crepitus (grinding or crunching as you move)
Treatment can include massage, joint mobilizations, taping or bracing, and exercise prescription by your physiotherapist. Other treatment approaches commonly used are medication and weight loss, and when required surgery.